grows in sunny, rocky places. Leaves are glabrous (hairless) and deep green. Flower
heads are not arranged on one-side of the panicle. Flower heads usually
have about 13 ray flowers. Petioles of the lower leaves have hairs on the margins.
Compare to Solidago simplex (not pictured). which grows at montane and
subalpine elevations. S. simplex flower heads usually have about 8 rays
flowers and the petioles of the lower leaves lack marginal hairs.